Friday, August 21, 2020

Birth Control Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Conception prevention Policy - Essay Example For example, a few speculations, for example, the open decision hypothesis put more accentuation and center at the degree of people instead of concentrating on the institutional level. The open strategy making process is typically at the core of successful administrations arrangement. It has been expressed that the procedure of approach making regularly happens six significant stages (Howlett, et al 2009). These are plan setting, dynamic, arrangement definition, execution, assessment lastly end or restoration. Wellbeing involves open intrigue. Hence the administration association in issues concerning wellbeing is as a rule to a more noteworthy degree. The administration typically details approaches for various reasons. A few arrangements are typically detailed with the end goal of populace control. Populace control is really the quintessence of conception prevention. The wellbeing approach is activated by the craving and need to address a few issues. These are extensively clarified as; the human services arrangement looks to be exhaustive enough to incorporate the most noteworthy number of the residents conceivable. This is one reason why a few people were stating that usage of the arrangement will be over the top expensive and might cause the citizen a great deal of cash. Inclusion doesn't really mean access. These two can be totally unrelated. For example, an individual may be under the inclusion of a specific human services conspire yet for some other explanation neglects to obtain entrance. Inclusion likewise implies a more extensive extent of the arrangements of the protection and other wellbeing plans. For example, there is another government order that requires protection plan to likewise accommodate anti-conception medication. The arrangement additionally looks to guarantee that the social insurance being concurred is very reasonable to everybody. This stems from the idea that human services is a fundamental assistance that every single individual ought to approach. Thus it is significant that the social insurance cost is reasonable. Social insurance is a significant help. This can

Sunday, July 12, 2020

The Worst Advice Weve Heard About Plagiarizing

The Worst Advice Weve Heard About Plagiarizing Plagiarism isnt a fun topic. Lets face itâ€"anyone who has spent time in academic pursuits has heard the stern lectures from professors warning of the dangers of plagiarism. The consequences of it can be equally unsettling: a failing grade, a feeling of disgrace, loss of credibility, and even expulsion are all very real possibilities.But dont worry, weve got your back, and will discuss the absolute worst advice weve heard about plagiarizing. Pay attention and youll avoid the embarrassment and destruction of credibility that plagiarism can bring.Bad Idea #1: You can use whole sentences or paragraphs from WikipediaSince Wikipedia content is created by a conglomeration of several writers and editors, there is a false assumption that entire sentences or passages can be lifted from it and used in otherwise original papers.The operative word here is false. Regardless of how many writers contributed to a passage or content, and regardless of the fact that the content is online and highly ed ited, its still plagiarism to claim the text as your own. In addition, Wikipedia content will be easily picked up by any online plagiarism detector since it is a highly visited website and therefore highly ranked in search engine algorithms.Its also important to keep in mind that Wikipedia is not considered to be a legitimate source in academic research and writing. Treating it as a source could result in a lowered grade and plagiarizing it could most certainly result in thatâ€"or worse.Bad Idea #2: You can piece together pieces of several different free online essays on the topicIf youve ever watched an online plagiarism detector perform its search, youd know that this is likewise bad advice. Specifically, these programs are designed to crawl millions of webpages to find content that is word-for-word of the text submitted to them. It doesnt matter if the content is pulled from a hundred different sources, plagiarism detection software can find all of themâ€"including short passages of approximately five words.There is also a false assumption that goes along with this one, stating that as long as the copied passages are less than a certain percentage of the original work, its fine to plagiarize. Whether you copy a passage of five words or 500â€"the act (and therefore, the consequence of that act) is the same.Whether you copy a passage of five words or 500â€"its still plagiarism. Photo by Green Chameleon on Unsplash.Bad Idea #3: You can plagiarize since there are no original ideas leftWhile its true that there is nothing new under the sun, this reality doesnt give you an excuse to claim anothers work as your own. When writers and literary scholars mention that there are no original ideas left (another way to state the adage I mentioned above), they are referring to story archetypes that have been used since the dawn of human existence. And sureâ€"most storylines or plots have been done before, in some version, either in movies or books. Characters change and se ttings change, but there are certainly repetitions of conflicts and archetypes in literature that cant be avoided.However, there will always be a way for you to approach the topic with fresh eyesâ€"and with YOUR eyes. Even if your thoughts are similar to others, you will still express them in a unique way because you are a unique individual. There is no one else in the entire world who looks, thinks, and processes ideas exactly like you do. This means that the work you produce, whether it is writing or research or both, should be entirely original in the way it is written and compiled. Since every writer is an individual, it is highly unlikely that he or she will choose word-for-word the exact phrasing of another writer who has broached the topic previously.Bad Idea #4: If the source is obscure enough, no one will know you plagiarizedTechnology is an amazing thing and plagiarism software is part of that emerging technology. While the plagiarism-checker programs have varying abilitie s and scopes of their search, your theft of anothers words could always be discovered with the right one. The question then becomes: Are you willing to run that risk?Even if a source is entirely offline (very few are nowadays) and completely obscure, a professor paying attention will potentially be able to detect plagiarism because the writing style and word choice will be so very different than your own. Many professors hand out in-class assignments and tests that require you to write in class. This means that they have a sample of your writing, which clues them in to your writing style and the extent of your vocabulary. Anything you turn in that is in glaring contrast will immediately be suspected of plagiarism by a professor who is looking for it.Bad Idea #5: You wont get penalized if you accidentally plagiarize somethingAs nice as this would be, it simply isnt true. Many universities have a strict no-plagiarism policy, and any instance of it could be dealt with harshly, includin g expulsion, even if it was accidental. In fact, freelance writers who publish online content often run their work through a plagiarism detector to make sure they havent accidentally plagiarized someone. As a professional writer, this type of accidental plagiarism could still have the same consequences of intentional plagiarism, including lawsuits, losing their job, and loss of credibility in their industry.The fact is: its an easy mistake to make, especially when you read a lot of content about a particular topic. Sometimes, thoughts go through our brains that we assume to be original but are actually thoughts weve read somewhere and simply forgot we had read it (in that exact combination of words).Professors understand this and have likely dealt with the situation in their own research and writing. However, any responsible researcher or writer will take steps to ensure that his or her work is original and that it cites all sources quoted, whether directly or indirectly. This invol ves checking for plagiarism, even of the accidental variety, which is easy to do with all of the free plagiarism-checker websites available. When you submit your work for class or for a writing assignment given to you by your company, you should take these same steps.Bad Idea #6: Everyone does it, so you should tooI think most mothers have a similar reply when their rebellious teenager uses this argument to justify doing something against house rules: If everyone jumps off a bridge, would you follow them?While its a somewhat comedic anecdote, there is truth in it. Just because its widely done doesnt mean its right. And just because other people get away with it doesnt mean you will avoid getting caught, as well. In much the same sense that a police officer or judge will not be inclined to ignore laws broken simply because other people break themâ€"neither will a professor be inclined to excuse plagiarism, simply because he or she has seen it attempted often over the span of their ca reer.Beyond these facts, its important to understand that plagiarism is theftâ€"theft of anothers words and ideas, while claiming them as your own. In the same sense you would not be a thief in other facets of your life, dont be a thief of anothers writing and research.Bad Idea #7: If it isnt copyrighted, you can plagiarize itCopyright law is not as complex as you might think. In fact, once something is published online or as an original hardcopy, it retains an original copyright, whether the author attaches the copyright symbol () to it or not.Obviously, not every author would pursue litigation for copyright infringement, but the possibility is still there. This is especially true if you publish content onlineâ€"whether academic or otherwiseâ€"without attributing it to its original author. Just as there is software to detect plagiarism, there is likewise software for authors and website managers to use that detects if anyone is using their original content online. With this softwar e, they are able to find the website that is using their original content, as well as the websites owner (through information you provided when you registered the website). This means that the threat of lawsuits is always there, particularly if you are publishing online.Even if youre not publishing it online, plagiarism detector software can locate the original content online and mark yours as being plagiarized. And this software is freely available for professors or employers to use.Plagiarism can ruin your reputation and result in expulsion.Bad Idea #8: If you just rewrite another persons paper, it isnt plagiarizingThis is one of the most commonly held myths about plagiarismâ€"thinking that rewriting or rearranging the words of an entire section or paper is somehow not plagiarism. While this method might help you avoid some online plagiarism detectors, depending on the source youre rewriting, it can still be highly visible to your professor that you have done this.The problem with this method of plagiarizing is that it is both underhanded and still not your original thought. There are some cases in which you will need to do this in order to avoid quoting so much, you still need a citation following the rewrite to direct the reader toward the original source.

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

The Nsa s Foreign Defense - 1287 Words

Bethany Hamilton EGL 101, Dr. Laura Rozakis Know Thy Enemy: Why The NSA’s Foreign Defense Needs to Leave Our Backyards Thomas Jefferson said, â€Å"My reading of history convinces me that most bad government results from too much government.† The National Security Agency (NSA), established by the National Security Act of 1947, exists to safeguard American citizens against terror threats and foreign intelligence.(National Archives) Since the terrorist attack on the Twin Towers on September 11, 2001, the NSA, through the guise of the Patriot Act, has been investigating American citizens who are not suspect of law breaking. President George W. Bush enacted the Patriot Act (Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 [Britannica]) in October 2001, but current President Barack Obama furthered its parameters via Executive Orders such as EO’s 13526 and 13549 (Federal Register). The Agency’s private inve stigations have caused public suspicion. This concern was validated by the revelation of the government’s collection of metadata (phone history), storage of text messages, possession of spy programs, and proof of the wire tapping of two-country related phone calls after Edward Snowden, a former NSA contractor, leaked private information to the public in May/June of 2013. (Britannica) With our country’s focus on the strengthening of military weapons and protection programs against foreign enemies,Show MoreRelatedAnalysis of Defense Intelligence Agency999 Words   |  4 Pagesstarted in 1958. The organizational structure of the DoD and U.S. foreign intelligence came to a new shape with the establishment of DIA. It was Robert McNamara, then Secretary of Defense, who came up with the concept of DIA in 1961. DIA gathers human source intelligence, analyzes technical intelligence, distributes intelligence/reports to the intelligence agencies, provides advice and support to t he Joint Chiefs of Staff with foreign military intelligence, and provides military intelligence to combatantRead MoreAmerican Peoples Privacy Is Being Spied on by the NSA and It Is Wrong703 Words   |  3 Pagesviolated by the NSA. Everyday person today in the USA uses technology to communicate and pleasure use: e-mail, texting, social networks, calling, blogs, forums, instant messaging, Internet and using search engines. The American people personal computer or electronic information is spied on and collect by the NSA this is wrong this is violating the fourth amendment. Who is spying and collecting personal electronic information from American people by the National Security Agency known as NSA. They areRead MoreBarack Obama s Presidential Debates1110 Words   |  5 PagesDuring the Democratic presidential debates on Tuesday, frontrunner Hillary Clinton was backed by her fellow Democratic contenders, most notably, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VA), who remarked in response to Clinton s e-mail flap, â€Å"Let me say something that may not be great politics, but I think the secretary is right. The American people are sick and tired of hearing about your damn emails.† This was an earlyRead MoreThe Cyber Defenses Of The United States887 Words   |  4 Pagesweekly if not daily and their cyber defenses must be kept up to par otherwise there will be an extreme loss of information and resources. FBI director James Comey can be quoted as saying â€Å"There are two kinds of big companies in the United States. There are those who ve been hacked by the Chinese and those who don t know they ve been hacked by the Chinese† (Comey). Comey can also be quoted as having said that, â€Å"China was seeking to obtain information that s useful to them so they don t haveRead MoreThe National Security Agency1257 Words   |  6 PagesThe National Security Agency (NSA) was created in 1952 and is headquartered in Forte Meade, Maryland. It is under the direction of the Department of Defense and reports to the Director of National Intelligence. Although classified, the NSA has an estimated 37,000 employees (1) and an estimated operating budget of about 11 billio n dollars per year, for comparison the Central Intelligence Agency has an estimated 20,000 employees and an operating budget of about 14 billion dollars per year (2). At theRead MoreNsa, Nsa And The Nsa1181 Words   |  5 Pages Working closely with the NSA, he realized the far reach with the everyday surveillance. While working with Booz Allen he started copying top-secret documents from the NSA. In those documents he realised NSA has been listening and watching most people s conversations and emails after 9/11 to see if â€Å"terrorist were planning to attack and never had to say anything to the people because of the espionage act saying it s ok to spy and not tell the people about it so they couldn t hide. After he hadRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography Of The Usa Patriot Act1349 Words   |  6 PagesBibliography and have found decent information analyzing. What I have been learning recently is that too many Americans are paranoid that the government is constantly looking at their emails and phone calls. Kevin Maney claims that most of the data at NSA sits in storage because no one has time to look at it all (Maney). I strongly agree with him and it seems logical. Yet Americans will be worried either way. Friday November 11th, I saw many articles of history claiming that government surveillance hasRead MorePresident Reagan Signed Into Law A National Security Decision Directive1344 Words   |  6 Pagesdirective placed the National Security Agency (NSA) in charge of the security of all computers and networks, and, for many civil liberations in Congress that went too far. The directive also created a national Telecommunication and Information Systems Manager â€Å"to consider all technical matters† as well as develop procedures for implementing the policy. The NSA director was to become that Manager. Congress had a substantial issue with that because NSA was forbidden from collecting any data on AmericanRead MoreDigital Privacy Concerns Essay1565 Words   |  7 Pagesexpressing his acknowledgement of the issue, failed to discuss an array of other pressing dilemmas regulated by the recently exposed National Security Agency (NSA), especially those involving the mass data stockpiles and the rights of foreigners against immoderate and disproportionate surveillance by the US. Furthermore, the intentions of the NSA still remain unclear; why is the collection and the extended retention of this data useful? Those in power believe that the collection of this informationRead MoreHistory Of Intelligence During The United States1137 Words   |  5 Pagesintelligence  operation.   The efforts were on code  breaking and counterintelligence  operations against Germany and Japan.   After World War 1, the United States Intelligence focused on code breaking. The U.S. infiltrated espi onage networks and arrested any foreign agents.  In 1941, the Peacetime Civilian Intelligence agency was created.   The office of the Coordinator of Information was designed to organize the activities of several agencies.   (The Evolution of the U.S. Intelligence Community-An Historical Overview

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Jane Eyre Character Analysis - 1588 Words

Bertha Mason, Edward Rochester’s first wife, is generally considered the villain in the novel Jane Eyre, although, when taking a closer look at her most diabolical habit, escaping her captivity and setting fires, placing the role of the evil antagonist onto her an incorrect assumption. Jane Eyre is told through the eyes of Jane Eyre herself, in a first person account of her life. Jane, in the most nicely put way, dislikes Bertha, but understandably so. Bertha, in the eyes of the law, has the one thing Jane wants more in the world than anything else, Rochester. Because Bertha and Rochester are still technically married, Jane and Rochester cannot be together. The two lovers made it as far as the aisle before someone bothered to let Jane know†¦show more content†¦Bertha herself doesn’t do anything mad, but it is the perception of what she does that makes her appear insane. It has to be understood that she has been locked away from modern society for years on end, almost to a degree of solitary confinement by today’s standards. In 1951, McGill University signed off on a six-week study on the effects of leaving people in confined cells with moderate sensory deprivation. The study was suspended after just seven days. One week into the experiment and the participants were having visual and sonic hallucinations, and lost the ability to think clearly about anything, for any amount of time. This is what happened to Bertha. On top of that, â€Å"madness† is claimed to be hereditary in Bertha’s family, which is most likely schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, which are both common genetic disorders. Rochester subjected someone, with an already potentially fragile mind, to a state of living for years that would drive the average healthy person to the brink of madness after just one week. Bertha Mason is made the scapegoat for Rochester’s problems and is only as insane and evil as the reader perceives her to be. She most certa inly has her vendettas, but they are targeted at people or ideas, she does not aim to hurt everyone. Bertha has been vengeful toward not only Rochester, but also her family, as evident by her attacking her brother when he comes to visit, for allowing her to be kept in the state she has.Show MoreRelatedJane Eyre Character Analysis950 Words   |  4 PagesJane Eyre is one of many characters in literature that readers can show true empathy to. She is an honorable woman, humble and courageous, kind but strong-willed. While many stories rely on imperfect lead protagonists who fail in order to relate to the downtrodden nature of the human condition, Jane is altogether different. She appeals to the nobler parts of one’s self, a part that is equally common to everyone, but by which one is rarely reminded of. Jane Eyre written by Charlotte Brontà « demonstratesRead MoreJane Eyre Character Analysis1402 Words   |  6 PagesIn her novel Jane Eyre, Charlotte BrontÃ'‘ depicts the ch aracters of Jane Eyre and Bertha Mason as being negatively perceived by society, as they are both treated unfairly and are seemingly undesirable and disregarded. Looked down upon by society, they are made to feel suppressed and as if their thoughts do not matter. Such feelings of oppression seem to drive both Jane and Bertha to madness; Bertha seems to embody the inner rage that Jane tries to control within herself throughout the novel. ThroughRead MoreJane Eyre Character Analysis1064 Words   |  5 PagesCharlotte Bronte’s novel, Jane Eyre is the story of an orphaned ten-year-old girl name Jane Eyre, who overcomes abuse and neglect to discover compassion and love. Jane lives with the Reed family at Gateshead Hall, who was despised Jane, and she is bullied by Mrs. Reed and her son, John. John bullied her when she was reading the book, he threw the book at her head, John tortured Jane mercilessly and cruelly. Jane totally afraid of John, but she didn’t cry and cower un der him. She did try to avoidRead MoreJane Eyre Feminist Analysis1066 Words   |  5 Pagesnature or their intuition. Jane Eyre, a semi-autobiography by Charlotte Brontà «, is an exemplary novel where an untraditional heroine defies societal normality. The female protagonist Jane Eyre exhibits a self-created drive for personal success and a perpetual ambition to learn, characteristics customary of men. After the publication of Jane Eyre, many critics has viewed it through the feminist literary lenses, claiming it to contain biblical feminism. In the literary analysis â€Å"Charlotte Brontà «Ã¢â‚¬â„¢s Religion:Read MoreSummary of Clarkes Brontes Jane Eyre and the Grimms Cinderella1341 Words   |  6 PagesClarke, Micael M. Brontes Jane Eyre and the Grimms Cinderella. SEL: Studies in English Literature 1500-1900. 40.4 (2000): 695-710. Clarke explores the similarities and importance of Brontà «Ã¢â‚¬â„¢s use of the Grimms’ version of Cinderella within the story of Jane Eyre. She outlines how the two stories are parallel and then skillfully explores the symbolism that is present in both. Through her analysis of the ways the two stories are similar, Clarke concludes that the combination ofRead MoreLiterary Analysis : Emily, Wuthering Heights, And Jane Eyre924 Words   |  4 PagesLiterary Analysis The novels Emma, Wuthering Heights, and Jane Eyre were written by women in the 1800’s. The three writers chose to write and publish their novels under a different name from their own. Emma was written by Jane Austen, and published anonymously in 1815 (Behrens and Rosen 361). Emily Brontà « wrote Wuthering Heights, and was published in 1847 under the name Ellis Bell (Behrens and Rosen 368). The author of Jane Eyre, who was also the sister of Emily Brontà «, was Charlotte Brontà «. ThisRead MoreThe Upbringing Of Orphans By Charles Dickens And Jane Eyre1714 Words   |  7 Pagesorphans. The novels Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens 1838 and Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte 1847 depicted much of the 19th century working class and illustrated the treatment of orphans with different socio-economic perspectives. The role of the two orphans in the novels (Oliver and Jane) leads the reader through a maze of experiences, encountering life s threats and grasping its opportunities. The no vels show an insight of the two characters with a common childhood who were often treated with disdainRead MoreJane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte1374 Words   |  6 PagesJane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte Within the specter of the Gothic fictions arises the atmosphere of gloom, terror, and mystery with some elements of uncanny challenging reality. One major characteristic function of the Gothic fictions is to open the fiction to the realm of the irrational and perverse narratives, obsessions, and nightmarish terrors that hide beneath the literally civilized mindset in order to demonstrate the presence of the uncanny existing in the world known rationally through experienceRead MoreUse of Gothic Elements in Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre1740 Words   |  7 PagesUSE OF GOTHIC ELEMENTS IN CHARLOTTE BRONTES ‘JANE EYRE Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre was published in the middle of the nineteenth century. Bronte was greatly influenced by the Gothic novels that were in fashion before the time of Jane Eyre. The Gothic novel was popularised in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, and was defined by its use of suspense, supernatural elements, and desolate locations to generate a gloomy or chilling mood. The protagonist of the novel would generallyRead MoreUse of Gothic Elements in Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre1729 Words   |  7 PagesUSE OF GOTHIC ELEMENTS IN CHARLOTTE BRONTES ‘JANE EYRE Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre was published in the middle of the nineteenth century. Bronte was greatly influenced by the Gothic novels that were in fashion before the time of Jane Eyre. The Gothic novel was popularised in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, and was defined by its use of suspense, supernatural elements, and desolate locations to generate a gloomy or chilling mood. The protagonist of the novel would generally

Sentimental Bloke and Australian Culture

Question: Discuss about the Sentimental Bloke and Australian Culture. Answer: Introduction: The Sentimental Bloke is an Australian film that is based on the poems from the Songs of a Sentimental Bloke, a piece done by Dennis C. J. This literary work is a piece that has literary been considered one of the greatest silent film in Australia. The book sets out to depict Bill, the author as one who wants to quit his gambling and drinking addiction. This film tends to mooch along a series of vignettes drawn from the poem. Before this becomes actualized, Bill gets arrested and gets a six-month incarceration after he is found in a gamble. Upon his release, he falls in love with one Doreen who gets her stipend from a pickle factory. The Sentimental Bloke is an affectionately known book that takes pride in its portrayal of naturalism and acts of humor. The literary work is set in Melbourne but later, the author, together with his family relocated to Sydney, a city well known for its toughness and reputable reservation. The violent gangs had since disappeared into thin air just before the city came to light, just in the wake of the continent recovering from the First World War (Conor, 23). This is a story set right in its historical context with vast visits on the happenings of the unforgettable period of war in world history. Being set at a time when the war was at its peak, the book is believed to have derived its popularity from among the war veterans and post-war soldiers of the time. The Sentimental Bloke serves to connect Australia and the Great Britain in the manner in which it won admiration from the public. The Play proved a success in the UK unlike in the United States where it was a flop. The reason why the film was not a hit in the US was its difficult prose which the audience failed to comprehend and internalize. It was not until the Melbourne fire tragedy that the film got some challenges, but this was not to see its end as some parts of the movie had been saved from the inferno and went ahead to be cast at the Sydney Film Festival (Boyd, 3-18). The other connection between Australia and Great Britain is how the author juxtaposes with the foppish Briton soldier who was played by his wife while on duty. The wife who also happens to be in combat is portrayed to have pantomime tights and plumed military cap. According to the author, her characters have been depicted to portray the link between effeminacy and dandy dress. The theme of masculinity and feminism has also been expressed in the film. The fil was a masculine affair. The play presents an expression of heterosexual romantic affair pitting a male character from a male perspective, a fact that is expressed in a self-consciously manly way. In this regard, the play touches a cultural nerve in some way (Bellanta, 1-20). The pre and post war times were marred by the confusion as to what the role of men and women were about romance. The Australian men were supposed to be foot soldiers and while on their return, were expected to nurse and care for their young ones as they turned into caring spouses. The other instance that depicts masculine versus feminine state was the case of the larrikin digger. His celebration was a blatant ridicule to the female rowdies (Lawson, 18-32). In his thought, he strived to express his wish to have the larrikinism affair be an entirely masculine affair as no single female rose to prominence after or during the war. The theme of high culture versus popular culture has been given weight in this film. It is known that the archetypal appearance of the Anzac was one of a drunkard, anti-authoritarian and one that was full of impudent humor as well as nonchalance in the face of many. This was a culture that was first eclipsed in the acts of the Australian servicemen who saw to it that it was prudent to have such self-actualization and self-generation of culture (Edmondson et al. 11). This culture and name calling was viewed to have been derived from their numerous stories and jokes about themselves refereeing to one another as diggers. The film then portrays the digger with all manner of attributes that range from carelessness to being an introvert who thrives in disheveled clothes. Conclusively, the film is a bona fide production that stands the test of time. It an Australian cinema at its best, dramatic, emotionally earnest and funny film that is still intact in the memories of many viewers. This movie should be recommended for anyone who wishes to have a silent cinema with a beautifully narrated story. Works Cited Bellanta, Melissa. "A Masculine Romance: The Sentimental Bloke and Australian Culture in the War-and Early Interwar Years."Journal of Popular Romance Studies4.2 (2014): 1-20. Bellanta, Melissa. "Posts Tagged masculinity." Boyd, David. "The public and private lives of a Sentimental Bloke."Cinema Journal(1998): 3-18. Conor, Liz.The spectacular modern woman: Feminine visibility in the 1920s. Indiana University Press, 2004. Edmondson, Ray, and Andrew Pike.Australia's Lost Films: The loss and rescue of Australia's silent cinema. National Library Australia, 1982. Lawson, Sylvia. "Towards decolonisation: Film history in Australia."Nellie Melba, Ginger Meggs and Friends, Kibble Books, Malmsbury, Vic(1982): 18-32.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

The contributions of Richard Wright and Gwendolyn Brooks to the civil rights movement

For the longest time in the history of the American society, black people faced severe discrimination from the white community. They were denied of their basic rights and they faced segregation, marginalization, maltreatment as well as poor working conditions.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The contributions of Richard Wright and Gwendolyn Brooks to the civil rights movement specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Other than these, slave trade which involved the dehumanizing sale of African Americans thrived and black men were also denied the right to vote. This provoked a fight for civil rights through the Civil Rights Movement which fought for the African Americans rights a ccording toFinlayson (11). This essay delves deeply into the contributions of Richard Wright and Gwendolyn Brooks to the Civil Rights Movement which played a great role in redeeming the black people from this discrimination. However, on the ground this was not the case as the African Americans were segregated, marginalized, maltreated, and subjected to poor working conditions. They also lacked opportunities and access to public amenities according to Levy (7-10). This saw the blacks come together in churches through song, literature, businesses, homes, families, poems and books all with the goal to fight against discrimination by the whites. Among these were Richard Wright and Gwendolyn Brooks who used literary works to voice out their displeasure on the discrimination against blacks as well as portray a humanitarian point of view on the plight of the African Americans in the 20th century (Marshall Cavendish Corporation 4). Richard Wright was among the young Americans born in the period when segregation and discrimination was at its peak. During this period, blacks were not supposed to contradict a white person but take in the segregation happily, cheerfully and humbly (Rowley 5).Advertising Looking for essay on ethnici ty studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Wright’s father abandoned their family when he was young and went to a segregated high school and was deeply hurt by the poor conditions that African Americans were living in. He published his first short story in 1924 and during the great depression; he did a variety of jobs and joined the communist party. He also wrote articles for the Daily Worker. He later moved to New York where he wrote a collection known as â€Å"Uncle Tom’s Children† which won him an award whose money he used to finish his famous book, â€Å"The Native Son† (Williams and Beard 358). Wright’s writing was mainly influenced by the prejudice and suffering he saw the black people go through as well as his own personal life. He was very outspoken on the injustices of racism and discrimination. His first book â€Å"Tom’s children† was soft and brought many to tears. To him however this was a failure in conveying his message as he wanted his audience to be shocked by the realities of racism which he was able to do in â€Å"The Native Son†. The book â€Å"Native Son† brought about racism in a very harsh and unmasked manner especially in the last chapter, â€Å"the trial†. It is the story of a man who kills two women; a white woman by accident and his black girlfriend purposely out of frustration and anger. He is caught and taken to trial but he is only convicted of one murder; that of the white girl which he committed accidentally. The murder of his black girlfriend is completely ignored and went unpunished showing the white community’s extent of their racism (Fraile 151). In the â€Å"Native Son†, Wright relies on naturalism and symbolism to bring out his key themes which include injustice, racism, violence and oppression. The bigger one is the representative of America’s racial hatred.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The contributions of Richard Wright and Gwendolyn Brooks to the civil rights movement specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The names of the characters also hint at the themes, for example, â€Å"Mr. Max† to represent Marxism and Clara â€Å"Mears† to mean a merely exploited black woman (Nelson 500). Wright also brings light to how discrimination affects black men as providers in their families in his play â€Å"Man of all work†. The play also reflects his experience with his father who was not willing to work hard to provide for the needs of their family. In this play, he uses symbolism and irony to show how black men are forced to do all sorts of work sometimes even having to pretend to be women to provide for their families. In another play called â€Å"Man ain’t God like that†, Wright explores western cultural imperialism. It also explores the effects of merging Christi anity with traditional African beliefs. Also in this play, he uses irony to hold the story and bring out its themes (Nelson 498-500). The other significant writer into the fight for civil rights is Gwendolyn Brooks. Gwendolyn Brooks unlike Richard Wright was a poet cum reporter and thus used poetry in her contributions to the fight for civil rights. Brooks had an eye for the discrimination of the blacks and their oppression by the white people. She saw a world filled with poverty, violence and loyalty. In the midst of this was humanity with a strong prideful persistence that was indifferent to oppression of that other group which surrounded and threatened it. Her poetry therefore not only represented this bleak world but also her personality as a strong black woman. Her books include, â€Å"A Street in Bronzeville† which portrays the frustration of a World War 2 veteran with American racism and the â€Å"Maud Martha†.Advertising Looking for essay on ethnicity studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Among her famous poems is â€Å"Annie Allen† a poem on the life of the black woman, â€Å"The Bean eaters† which talks about the civil rights movement and â€Å"In the Mecca†, a poem on the Black Nationalism. Other literary works include â€Å"Man of the middle class†, â€Å"The Chicago defender† and â€Å"The loveliest lyncher is the Lord† which tries to understand and represent the ordinariness of white life (Wright 36). In her poems, Brooks employs various styles to bring out her themes. In her poem â€Å"Annie Allen† for example, Brooks employs a realistic tone. Her tone evokes bitterness without invoking any tendencies towards violence or separatism. The poem follows Annie through different stages that open her eyes to the various realities of life around her. Annie starts her quest in childhood where she desires to break from the norms of her mother in the notes of childhood and girlhood. She is then exposed to the realities of marriage and love in the â€Å"Anniad† and finally chooses her identity in the womanhood. The poem strives to bring out the theme of equality and the demolishing of all forms of racial discrimination. She uses stylistic devices such as a contrast milk- glass, fruit -bowl, jelly- jar, and old peach cans to show different worlds. Also, the juxtaposition between dreams and reality, rhyming couplets, similes such as like a candle and set against the weeds of disappointment among others (Saber 36). In conclusion, both writers made significant contributions to the fight for civil rights. Through their literary works, they were able to bring out the intricacies and suffering that came with racial discrimination. Their blunt depiction of the lives of the African Americans in the 20th century forced the white people to view their actions as they were. This awakened them from their ignorance and showed the world as a whole the plight of the African Americans. Works Cited Finlayson, Reg gie. We shall overcome: The history of the American civil rights movement. USA: Twentieth Century Books, 2003. Print. Fraile, Ana. Richard wrights Native son. London: Rodopi International, 2007. Print. Levy, Peter. The civil rights movement. USA: Green Wood Publishing, 1998. Print. Marshall Cavendish Corporation. America in the 20th century. USA: Marshall Cavendish, 2003. Print. Nelson, Emmanuel. African American Dramatists. UK: ABC-CLIO, 2004. Print. Rowley, Hazel. Richard Wright: The life and times. USA: University of Chicago Press, 2008. Print. Saber, Yomna. â€Å"Brave to be involved: shifting positions in the poetry of Gwendolyn Books.† Peter Lang Journal (2010): 5-9. Print. Williams, Horace and Ben, Beard. This Day In civil rights history. USA: Newsouth Books, 2009. Print. Wright, Stephen. On Gwendolyn Brooks: Reliant contemplation. USA: University of Michigan Press, 2001. Print. This essay on The contributions of Richard Wright and Gwendolyn Brooks to the civil rights movement was written and submitted by user Soft Deer to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.